M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Songs

M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar
Mayavaram Krishnamurthy Thyagaraja Bhagavathar (3 January 1909 – 1 November 1959), also called MKT, was a Tamil film actor and Carnatic singer. He acted in 15 films overall, of which six were very successful. His 1944 film Haridas created a record of sorts by becoming the first Indian film to run continuously for three years at a single cinema theatre. Convicted in the Lakshmikantan murder case, Bhagavathar was arrested along with comedian N. S. Krishnan and spent four years in prison before being acquitted in 1948 when a retrial found both Bhagavathar and NSK innocent. However, the movies he acted in after his release from prison did not do well in the box office. He died on 1 November 1959 due to cirrhosis. MKT is widely regarded as the first superstar of Tamil cinema.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._K._Thyagaraja_Bhagavathar


aanandha Natana - Sivakami (1959) - MK Thiagaraja Bhagavathar, K V Mahadevan, Papanasam Sivan
aaranange nenjam nee ariyaai - Shyaamala (1953) - M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, G Ramanathan, C S Roya Sundaram
amba manamkanindhunadhu kadaikan paar - Siva Kavi (1943) - M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
annaiyum thandhaiyum thaane paaril - Haridas (1944) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
araavabaranan thiruvadi marandhu - Sivagami (1959) - M K T, K V Mahadevan, Papanasam Sivan
arpuda leelaigalai, yaararivaar agilaanda naayagane - Sivagami (1959)- M K T, K V Mahadevan, Papanasam Sivan
bhoomiyil maanida jenmamadaidhumor - Ashok Kumar (1941) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
Chandra Suriyar - Ambigapathi (1937)- M K T, Papanasam Sivan (Music & Lyrics)
chedi maraivilae oru poongodi maraindhe maayam seivadhaen - Amarakavi (1952) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
Chidambaranaadha thiruvarul thaarai - Thiruneelakandar (1939) - M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
chutum vizhi chudardhaan - Pudhu Vaazhvu (1957) - M K T, Music for the film: (G Ramanathan, CN Pandurangan), Barathiyar
dhyaaname enadhu - Ashok Kumar (1941) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
en udal thanniloru ee moitha podhu, ungal kannil mul thaithar pol irundho - Haridas (1944) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
enna aanandham - Raja Mukthi (1948) - M K T, C R Subbaraman, Papanasam Sivan
gnaana kan ondru - Chintaamani (1937)- M K T, Papanasam Sivan
gnana sabayil thillai gaanam thanil nindraadum - Sivagami (1959) - M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, K V Mahadevan, Papanasam Sivan
ingum angum - Raja Mukthi (1948) - M K T, C R Subbaraman, Papanasam Sivan
kidaiyaadhu vaazhvadhile - Ashok Kumar (1941) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
Krishnaa, Mugundhaa, Muraare - Haridas (1944) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
maanila vaazhvu perum aanandham - Ashok Kumar (1941), M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
maanida jenmam meendum vandhidumo - Raja Mukthi (1948) - M K T, C R Subbaraman, Papanasam Sivan
manam kanindhe jeeva dhaanam - Siva Kavi (1943) - M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
manam ninaindhu - Raja Mukthi (1948) - M K T, C R Subbaraman, Papanasam Sivan
maname nee Eesan naamathai - Ashok Kumar (1941), M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
Manmadha leelaiyai vendraar undo - Haridas (1944) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
maraivaai pudaitha odu maraindha maayam edho - Thiruneelakandar (1939) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
maya prapanchathil - Chintaamani (1937) - M K T,  Papanasam Sivan
naatiya kalaiye..., kavalaiyai theerpadhu naatiya kalaiye - Siva Kavi (1943)- M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
oru naal oru pozhudhaagilum - Thiruneelakandar (1939) -  M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
piravikkadal - Raja Mukthi (1948) - M K T, C R Subbaraman, Papanasam Sivan
Radhe unaku kobam aagaadhadi - Chintaamani (1937) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
Rajan maharaajan thiruvotiryur mevum thiruvaalar thiagarajan - Shyaamala (1953) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
saraasarangal varum suzhandre - Ashok Kumar (1941) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
sathva guna bodhagan - Ashok Kumar (1941), M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
sevai seidhaale - Amarakavi (1952) - M K T
Shyaamalaa, jeevapriye Shyaamalaa - Shyaamala (1953) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
sinam kaamam poikalavu - Ashok Kumar (1941), M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
Sivaperumaan kribai vendum - Naveena Sarangadhara (1936) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
sollu paapaa, sollu paapaa. sugam pera vazhi ondru sollu paapaa - Sathyaseelan (1936) - M K T, Janakam Kavi Kunjaram
soppana vaazhvil magizhndhu, Subramania Swami, unai marandhaar - Siva Kavi (1943) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
thaen kuyil pole - Pudhu Vaazhvu (1957) - M K T,  Jikki, Music for the film: (G Ramanathan, CN Pandurangan)
Thillaiyin nayagane Sivagamavalli manogarane - Sivagami (1959) - M K T, K V Mahadevan, Papanasam Sivan
ullangkavarumen - Ashok Kumar (1941), M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Papanasam Sivan
un azhagai kaana iru kangal podhaade - Thiruneelakandar (1939) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
unnai allaal oru thrumbasaiyumo - Raja Mukthi (1948) - M K T, C R Subbaraman, Papanasam Sivan
unnaiyae anbudan vaariyanaikkum - Ashok Kumar (1941) - MKT, Papanasam Sivan
unai kandu mayangaadha pergalundo - Ashok Kumar (1941) - MK Thiagaraja Bhagavadhar, Papanasam Sivan
vaazhvile oru naal - Haridas (1944) - MK Thiagaraja Bhagavathar, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
vadhaname chandra bimbamo, malarndha sarojamo - Siva Kavi (1943) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
vallalai paadum vaaiyaal aruthalai pillaiyai paaduveno - Siva Kavi (1943) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
van pasi pinikku unavu nam - Ashok Kumar (1941) - M K T, Papanasam Sivan
vasantha rudhu mana mohaname - Siva Kavi (1943) - M K T, S Jayalakshmi, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
yaanai thandham pole pirainilaa, vaanile jothiyaai veesudhe - Amarakavi (1952) - M K T, G Ramanathan, Papanasam Sivan
Articles by Manisekaran
http://www.tfmpage.com/my/singer/mkt1.html

Information about MK Thiagaraja Bhagavathar's movies and songs
Source: http://raja1630.tripod.com/mktb

Pavalakkodi (1934)
Music: Papanasam Sivan
Cast: MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, SD Subbulakshmi, SS Mani Bhagavathar, Sundarambal, KK Parvati Bai

The film had 50 songs, of which 22 were sung by MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar.

Popular songs in the film:
Somasekara, Kanna Kariyamugil Vanna, Vanithaikul Uyirvaana, Munnam oru Sanyasi Vadivaaki.
Songs by MKT in this film, 'Soma sekara' in Kharaharapriya, 'Kanna Kariyamugil Vanna' in Bhairavi, 'Vanithaikkul uyarvaana' and 'Munnam oru sanyasi vadivakki'.

Naveena Sarangadhara
Popular songs in the film:
'Gnanakumari' in Devagandhari, 'Abaratham Seithariyen' in Rasaali and 'Sivaperuman krupai vendum' in Suruti.
Indubala who plays the sanyasini has sung a couple of hindi songs in this film, 'Krishnaji krishnaji' and 'Mere to giridhara gopal dusara na koi'.
Chintamani (1937)
Music: Papanasam Sivan
Cast: MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Serugulathur Sama, Aswathamma, L Narayana Rao
Director: YV Rao

Popular songs in the film:
'Maya prapanchatil' and 'Pesum taramo kaadal','Bhajanai seyvom kannan namam', 'Radhey unakku' in Chenchuruti and 'Gnanakkan ondru' in Jonpuri. Other songs by MKT include 'Arpan unnaiye' in Mukhari, 'Thinai pozhudu' in Saveri, 'Sakalamum avane' in Useni and 'Kasturi tilakam' in Mohanam, a slokam from Krishna Karnamrutham.

Besides these, the songs 'Naadagame ulagam' in Kamas by Serugalathur Sama and songs by Aswathamma such as 'Krishna Krishna Muraye keleer', an adaptation of the popular hindi song 'Suno Suno', 'Eena jenmam eduthen en iyyane' and 'Divya darisanam tharalaagaatha'.

The gramaphone records of 'Maya prapanchathil' and 'Bhajanai seyvom kannan namam' were given by Thurayur Rajagopala sarma and not by MKT Bhagavathar. MKT Bhagavathar rendered 'Radhey Unakku' and 'Gnanakkan ondru' on record.

Sathya Seelan (1938)
MKT himself produced this picture & played dual role in this film, the king and the court singer.

Popular songs in the film:
'Udyogapattamellam' a ragamalika, 'Rajayoga gnanaguruve' in Kharaharapriya, 'Sollupappa' another ragamalika and 'Thaamadamen swamy' in Thodi (a concert song in the film) and the movie has an english note too.

Of these songs, 'Thamadamen Swami' was popularised by the great singer G.N.Balasubramaniam in his concerts in later years. The song 'Sollu Pappa' was originally written as 'Sollu pappa, sollu pappa, suthanthiram pera vazhi sollu pappa' but later the lyrics was changed owing to objection from the British authorities.

Ambikapathi (1937)
Cast: MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar as Ambikapathi, MS Santhanalakshmi as Amaravati, Serugulathur Sama as Kambar, PB Ranagachari as Kulothunga, TS Baliah as Rudrasenan, NS Krishnan, TA Maduram, PG Venkatesan, PR Mangalam
Director: Ellis R. Dungan

Popular songs in the film:
'Ulaginil Inbam' in Simmendramadhyamam, 'Ini yevvaaru' in Sama, 'Chandrasuriyar' in Mandu, 'Maane naan unnai adaiya' in Punnagavarali, 'Enathirai arutcheyal' in Danyasi, 'Pathi padam panivathu' in Shankarabaranam, 'Bhajanai seivai maname' in Behag and 'Satre charinda 'in Shanmugapriya.
Thiruneelakantar (1939)
Cast: M K Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Thirunelveli Pappa, "Yaanai" Vaidyanatha Iyer, Serugalathur Sama as Lord Siva, Kothamangalam Subbu, S.S.Rajamani, NSK, T.A.Maduram, T.S.Dorairaj
Director: Raja Sandow

Popular songs in the film:
'Unnazhagai' in Brindavana Saranga (or Manirangu ?), the scintillating, classic and unimitable 'Pavalamaal' in ragamalika (Bhairavi, Kalyani and Manirangu), the exemplary 'Chidambaranatha' in Hemavathi, the fast paced 'Characharangal' in Boop, the enchanting 'Orunal oru pozhudu' in Kamas, the elevating 'Neelakanta Neelakanta' in Poorvikalyani(or Hamsanandi?), the mellifluous 'Maraivai pudaitha' in darbar, the catchy 'Deena karunakarane' in Navroj and a few other less known but memorable songs such as 'Pannagendra Bhushana', 'Eesan kaanmino' in ragamalika (Yaman kalyani, Punnagavarali and Sindu bhairavi), 'Adi devane' in Kurunji, 'Sakala bhuvana nayaka' in Kedaram and a catchy duet song with S.S.Rajamani, 'Manam ninainthu magizhnthen' in a hindustani tune.

Ashok Kumar (1941)
Cast: MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Chittoor V Nagaiah, P Kannamba, MG Ramachandran, TV Kumudhini, Nagercoil Mahadevan
Director: Raja Chandrasekhar

Popular songs in the film:
'Manila vazhvu' in Kalyani, 'Dhyaname Enathu' in Kapi, 'Unai kandu' in Bhairavi, 'Sathvaguna bothan' in jonpuri, 'Van pasi pini' in Sindhu bhairavi', 'Maname nee' in Kunthalavarali, 'Bhoomiyil manida' in Sindhu bhairavi, 'Unnaiye anbudan' and 'Sinam Kamam' in ragamalika (Shankarabharanam, Purvi kalyani and Mohanam).

The duet song with Kumudini, 'Ullam Kavarum' is an adaptation of the famous hindi song 'Piya Milan Ki' by Pankaj Mallick. The tune was slightly improvised in the Charanam by G.Ramanathan to suit the high-pitched voice of MKT. The other song with Kumudini is 'Kidaiyaathu Vaazhvithile', also in a hindustani tune.

G.Ramanathan and Alathur Subramanya Iyer, guru of MKT, have done the background music. The Bhagavathar-Sivan-G.Ramanathan-Elangovan team continued in Bhagavathar's subsequent pictures Sivakavi and Haridas.

Sivakavi (1943)
Music: Papanasam Sivan
Directed initially by Raja Sandow and later SM Sreeramulu Naidu.
Cast: MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Serukalathur Sama, Thripuramba, TR Rajakumari, NS Krishnan and TA Madhuram

Popular songs in the film:
'Vadaname chandra bimbamo' in sindubairavi, the rare gem 'Manam kaninde' in Ratipatipriya, the duet song 'Vasantha ruthu' in ragamaliga, the everlasting 'Amba manam kanindu' in Panthuvarali, the 'ninda stuti' (censuring prayer) 'Vallalai padum' in chenchuruti, the sweet 'Thamiyen painthamil' in Sahana, the classic 'Ellam sivan seyal' in Thodi, the short but superb 'Kulirntha mugamanum' in Kharaharapriya, the dance song 'Nattiya kalaiye' in Natakurinji, the well known 'Soppana vazhvil' in Vijayanagiri Bhuvanagandari and the finishing song 'Sri Kalyanaguna'. Apart from the above songs, there are a few more short pieces in classical ragas such as the song in Kurinji, 'Thiruvarul thara innum' and a few other songs which go on to make Sivakavi a memorable musical treat.
Haridas (1944)
Music: Papanasam Sivan
Director: Sundar Rao Nadkarni
Cast: MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, TR Rajakumari, NC Vasanthakokilam, NS Krishnan, K Madhuram, Pandari Bai

Popular songs in the film:
'Manmada leelaiyai vendraar undo' in charukesi, 'Ennudal thanil' in ragamalika (Yadukulakambodi and Atana), 'Annayum thandayum' in Manolayam, the everlasting 'Krishna mukunda' in Navroj, the precious 'Nijama' in Bekada.

NC Vasanthakokilam has sung a couple of beautiful songs namely 'Kathiravan uthayam' in Bilahari, 'Yenathuyir naathar' in Mayamalava Gowla and one more song in a hindustani tune. MKT and NCV sing a duet song 'Thottatharkellam' in Sindhu Bhairavi and MKT and TR Rajakumari sing a duet song 'Ennalum intha' in ragamalika.

Raja Mukthi (1948)
This is MKT's first movie after his release from jail.
Cast: MKT, Serugalathur Sama, P Banumathy (well known as Paavuramaa Banumathy), VN Janaki MG Ramachandran, MG Chakrapani, PS Veerappa (who makes his debut in this film), PG Venkatesan and CT Rajakantham
MKT introduced MLV to film music through this film.

Popular songs in the film:
'Gandhiyai pol', 'Kaimaru seivathundo','Paarukulle nalla nadu' and 'Suthanthira kodi'.
This film has some of the less known but wonderful songs by MKT such as 'Suprabatham' in Naatai,'Manam ninaindenginene' in Kambothi, 'Ennaanandam' with MLV in Simendramadhyamam, 'Unai allal oru thurumbasaiyumo' in Saaramathi, 'Nee palli ezhundal' in Boopalam, 'Pongum Anbar' in Ragamaliga (Bilahari, Purvikalyani, Mohanam, Madhyamavathi and Sindu bhairavi), 'Manida jenmam' in Kamas, 'Piravi kadal' in Chenchuruti and 'Ingum Angum' with MLV in Madhyamavati. MKT and Banumathy have sung a duet song in this film. 'Kulakkodi thazhikka' by MLV in Ramapriya and 'Indrajala vithaikkaran' in Jonpuri by Serugalathur Sama became quite popular.

Amara Kavi (1952)
Cast: MKT, NSK, TA Madhram, TR Rajakumari, BS Saroja, MG Chakrapani, PK Saraswathi, KP Kesan, KA Thangavelu (introduced in this film).

Popular songs in the film:
'Thaalpanindu' in kharaharapriya,'Uyirgalellam Inbamay' in Gowrimanohari, 'Ellam Inbame' in Atana,'Vinpola neela niram' in Ragamalika(Kambodhi and Simendramadhyamam), Vetrilai podamale in Ragamalika(Mohanam and Antholika) and 'Oru pizhai' in Ketharagowla.

But 'Sevai seydale kaanalaam', 'Chedi maraivile', 'Yanai thantham poley', 'Konji pesum kiliye' and 'Pudiya vazhvu peruvom' which were set in light music also became popular due the change in the trend of film music.

Suratha was introduced in this picture as the lyricist.

Syamala (1953)
Cast: MKT, SS Koko (Tamilians in the film). Rest of them were all from Andhra - Relangi, S Varalakshmi

Popular songs in the film:
'Aanandamana ragam' in Sudha danyasi, 'Kalaingyanin Kaiduri' in ragamalika (Natakurinji, Shanmugapriya and Sama), 'Rajan Maharajan' in Useni and 'Kannukkor virundagi' in Sahana, 'Rajan Maharajan'.
'Aranange' and 'Shyamala Jeevapriye shyamala' were set in semi classical tunes and became popular. S Varalakshmi's 'Thaye sankari' in Ragamalika (Durga, Saraswathi and Neelambari), 'Amba Adi parasakthi' by MLV in Ragamalika (Senchurutti, Vasantha, Kamas, Bilahari and Kethara gowla) also became popular.

Puthu Vazhvu (1957)
Cast: MKT, NSK, TA Madhuram, KA Thangavelu, TS Balaiah, PB Rangachari, Maduri Devi, Lalitha, Padmini, Alwar Kuppusamy, TS Durairaj

Popular songs in the film:
'Dhanam Avasiyam' in Kharaharapriya, 'Appa Nan Venduthal' (Virutham), 'Unmai Ondre pesum' in Charukesi, 'Deviye kann paramma' in Devamanohari (with swaram), 'Chutum Vizhi sudar thaan', 'Yarai nondu kolvadu' in Panthuvarali, 'Vanjakar seigai' in Sivapriya, 'Annayum thandayum' in Ragamalika ( Mukhari, Neelambari and Sriragam), 'Then kuyil pole' in Yaman kalyani and a good thillana piece.

Sivakami (1959)
Cast: Jaggayya, G Varalakshmi, SD Subbalakshmi.

Popular songs in the film:
'Arputha leelaigalai' in Madhyamavathi, 'Gnana sabayil' in Saranga, 'Ananda natana vinoda', 'Sotrunai vediyan' in Anandabairavi and 'Aravabharanan' in Ragamaliga (Kanada, Kapi and Mohanam).

The other songs which were released as gramaphone records are 'Umayorbaagane' in naattai, 'Thillaiyin nayakane' in ragamalika (Sindhu bhairavi, Sama and Boopalam) and 'Deiva kanaka sabhai'.


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